Today, surfing is a multi-billion-dollar global industry, with tens of millions of enthusiasts worldwide. For some it’s a serious sport; for others, just a way to let loose. But despite its casual association with fun and sun, surfing has a richer and deeper history than many realize.

Rules, rituals, taboos, spiritual meanings, and social standings are just a few of the hidden facets of heʻe nalu or wave sliding, and The Complicated History of Surfing, a TED-Ed by Scott Laderman.

Plus, read more about Hawaii’s Queen Liliʻuokalani and how the Hawaiian monarchy was overthrown by America-backed businessmen.

Next: Surfing the ‘World’s Heaviest Waves’ – Teahupo’o, Tahiti by drone and How did Polynesian wayfinders navigate the Pacific Ocean?

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