Topic: ecosystem

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Why do millipedes have so many legs?

From its Latin roots, the word 'millipede' translates to 'thousand feet,' but out of the 12,000 described species of millipedes, we've yet to discover one with that many. In fact, when millipedes hatch from their eggs...

The Wood Wide Web: How trees secretly talk to and share with each other

Trees secretly talk to each other underground. They're passing information and resources to and from each other through a network of mycorrhizal fungi—mykós means fungus and riza means root in Greek—a mat of long, thi...

How To Grow Coral

When visitors at Georgia Aquarium gaze upon the diverse array of colorful corals, [biologist Kim] Stone says many mistake the often stationary specimens for beautiful rocks. But corals are actually living animals—they...

Rebuilding the world’s coral reefs with coral farming

Coral are the backbone of the whole tropical ecosystem and if they disappear we’re in a lot of trouble says Ken Nedimyer, founder of the Coral Restoration Foundation. The pseudo-farmer has spent a lot of time in the w...

Repopulating an Ohio creek with giant salamanders

Eastern hellbenders live throughout the Appalachian region in the United States. Their ancestors have been on earth for around 160 million years, but in the last several decades their numbers have dropped dangerously ...

Why isn’t the world covered in poop?

Each day, the animal kingdom produces roughly enough poop to match the volume of water pouring over Victoria Falls. So why isn’t the planet covered in the stuff? You can thank the humble dung beetle for eating up the ...

Transforming Human Poop Into Eco-Friendly Fertilizer

Everyone poops. But not everyone around the globe has access to a clean toilet. Some communities in Haiti have set up a clean and healthy sanitation system that can also provide a homegrown resource for boosting food ...

Is Your Fleece Jacket Polluting The Oceans?

When you hear “plastic” pollution, you might picture six-pack rings wrapped around seagulls or beaches littered with plastic bottles. But now, researchers are discovering a new menace -- microfibers. They’re tiny stra...

How Do Tropical Rainforests Make Clouds?

What is a tropical rainforest and how do they make clouds? Maddie Moate and Greg Foot visit the world's largest indoor tropical rainforest at The Eden Project in Cornwall, United Kingdom. There, while crossing the pro...

Collecting some 350 fungi specimens in the Ecuadorian Andes

Of an estimated 3.2 million species of fungi, only some 120,000 are known to science. Most of the undescribed species reside in the tropics. In 2014, myself [Danny Newman] and a fellow mycologist, Roo Vandegrift, coll...

1000s of Bugs, 100 Islands, 1 Happy Entomologist

Community ecologist, biodiversity scientist, and entomologist Crystal Ernst is cataloging insects, spiders, and other tiny creatures for the 100 Islands Project, a multiyear island biogeography study across the Centra...

The elusive Bipes biporus, Baja’s ‘worm lizard’

Long like a small snake, bright pink like an earthworm, and usually burrowing underground with the help of two tiny front legs, the Bipes biporus is an elusive lizard endemic to the Mexican peninsula of Baja Californi...

Beavers: The Smartest Thing in Fur Pants

Beavers have done more to shape North American landscapes than any animal beside humans. We don’t notice them much today because there aren’t many left, but before colonization, North America was home to hundreds of m...

Can Mushrooms Save the Honey Bee? – bioGraphic

Honey bees, pollinators that contribute their skills to a third of our edible crops, have been suffering from a recent phenomenon called colony collapse disorder (CCD), possibly caused by a mix of pathogens, parasites...

Witnessing butterflies emerge at the California Academy of Sciences

Within the California Academy of Sciences' rainforest exhibit, butterflies and moths emerge from their chrysalis and cocoons in a specially designed emergence display. Biologist Tim Wong shows how they set up the clim...

How do baby flamingos become pink?

Watch as downy gray flamingo chicks are fed bright red milk, a sort of crop milk made from either parents' upper digestive tracts. As the chicks grow, they develop their signature pink feathers, as well as adult bills...

Do Cities Need More Green Roofs?

Green roofs or living roofs are different types of gardens that are created on the tops of buildings to help manage stormwater, improve air quality, help cool city temperatures, insulate the building, create park spac...

The ferocious predatory dinosaurs of Cretaceous Sahara

In Cretaceous times (around 100 million years ago), North Africa was home to a huge river system and a bizarre menagerie of giant prehistoric predators -- including the Spinosaurus, a dinosaur even more fearsome than ...

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