The Kid Should See This

A match being struck as seen with Schlieren technique

Watch more with these video collections:

From RMIT University, watch a match being struck and lit, captured by a technique called Schlieren flow visualization. From FY! Fluid Dynamics:

The schlieren optical technique is ideal for visualizing differences in fluid density and is an important tool for revealing flows humans cannot see with their naked eyes. In this high speed video, a professor lights a match. The initial strike generates friction and heat sufficient to convert some of the red phosphorus in the match head to its more volatile white phosphorus form. We see this in the schlieren as the cloud-like burst in the first several seconds. The heat from the phosphorus combustion ignites the sulfur fuel and potassium chlorate oxidizer in the match head to create a more sustained flame. During this period, wavy, smoke-like whorls of hot air rise from around the flame as buoyancy takes over. The upward movement of hot air draws in cooler air from the surroundings, providing the flame with an ongoing source of oxygen and allowing it to grow.

Follow this up with a match burning in slowmo, giant wingtip vortices in the fog as an airplane lands, and more Schlieren imaging: What does sound look like?

via Sagan Sense.

🌈 Watch these videos next...

Why Do Hot Things Glow?

Rion Nakaya

What’s the chemistry and physics of a flame?

Rion Nakaya

What is fire? Is it a solid, a liquid, or a gas?

Rion Nakaya

Get smart curated videos delivered to your inbox.