The Kid Should See This

Carl Sagan’s Cosmic Calendar

Imagine that the age of the universe, 13.82 billion years, is compressed into only one year. Carl Sagan explains this idea (using 15 billion years as his example) in a clip from his 1980 television series, Cosmos: A Personal Journey.

On this Cosmic Calendar, the Big Bang happens on January 1st at midnight, and we are at the end of the year, midnight on December 31st. Now look backwards: 

Down here, the first humans made their debut around 10:30 p.m. on December 31st. And with the passing of every cosmic minute — each minute 30,000 years long — we began the arduous journey towards understanding where we live and who we are.

11:46 – only 14 minutes ago, humans have tamed fire.

11:59:20 – the evening of the last day of the cosmic year — the 11th hour, the 59th minute, the 20th second — the domestication of plants and animals began, an application of the human talent for making tools.

11:59:35 – settled agricultural communities evolved into the first cities.

We humans appear on the cosmic calendar so recently that our recorded history occupies only the last few seconds of the last minute of December 31st. In the vast ocean of time which this calendar represents, all our memories are confined to this small square.

Every person we’ve ever heard of lived somewhere in there. All those kings and battles, migrations and inventions, wars and loves. Everything in the history books happens here, in the last 10 seconds of the cosmic calendar.

More Carl Sagan in the archives, along with The Big Bang and, looking forward, Al Jarnow’s Cosmic Clock.

via @alexanderchen.

This award-winning video collection is reader-supported. Become a sustaining member to keep TKSST online and free for everyone, including teachers and parents who use it as a resource to spark learning and curiosity for kids.

🌈 Watch these videos next...

Further Up Yonder: A Message From ISS To All Humankind

Rion Nakaya

The Bolshoi Simulation (2011)

Rion Nakaya

How small are we in the scale of the universe?

Rion Nakaya

100 people answer the question, “How old are you?” in Dutch

Rion Nakaya

The last five, wonder-filled minutes of Extreme Stars

Rion Nakaya

The Arrow of Time – Wonders of the Universe

Rion Nakaya

We Are Dead Stars. Dr. Michelle Thaller explains.

Rion Nakaya

Painting and erasing a clock in real-time

Rion Nakaya

Voyager at 40: Humanity’s ambitious expedition into interstellar space

Rion Nakaya

Get smart curated videos delivered every week.    
Subscribe