You can tell a lot about an animal from the way it moves, which is why scientists have been recreating the movements of an extinct crocodile-like creature called Orobates pabsti. Orobates lived well before the time of the dinosaurs and is what’s called a ‘stem amniote’ – an early offshoot of the lineage which led to birds, reptiles and mammals. Using 3D scans of an exquisitely preserved Orobates fossil – and an associated set of fossilised footprints – researchers were able to build a dynamic computer simulation of the creature’s movement. The simulation incorporates data from extant animals such as lizards and salamanders to create more realistic motion as it walks along. And the simulation didn’t just stay on a computer; the researchers tested the models in the real world using a Orobates robot, helping bring this ancient creature to life.
See how Orobates pabsti might have walked across the landscape 280 million years ago. This Nature video, Bringing a fossil to life: Reverse engineering locomotion, shares the digital and physical simulations of “the oldest known critter for which we have found both well-preserved fossil skeletons and fossilized footprints.”
Bonus activity: Reverse Engineering the Locomotion of a Stem Amniote.A cliff wall full of dinosaur footprints in Spain and Animated Life: Mary Leakey & the Laetoli footprints.