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The Journey of Vanilla – From Plant to Extract

Mix 1 tablespoon of vanilla extract into the cookie dough, order Vanilla Caramel Fudge at the ice cream shop, or take a closer look at some vanilla beans at the store. What is vanilla and where does it come from? This Eater animation explains: The Journey of Vanilla – From Plant to Extract. From Wikipedia:

Pre-Columbian Mesoamerican people cultivated the vine of the vanilla orchid, called tlilxochitl by the Aztecs. Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés is credited with introducing both vanilla and chocolate to Europe in the 1520s.

Initial attempts to cultivate vanilla outside Mexico and Central America proved futile because of the symbiotic relationship between the vanilla orchid and its natural pollinator, the local species of Melipona bee. Pollination is required to set the fruit from which the flavoring is derived. In 1837, Belgian botanist Charles François Antoine Morren discovered this fact and pioneered a method of artificially pollinating the plant. The method proved financially unworkable and was not deployed commercially. In 1841, Edmond Albius, a slave who lived on the French island of Réunion in the Indian Ocean, discovered at the age of 12 that the plant could be hand-pollinated. Hand-pollination allowed global cultivation of the plant.

Watch these next: Cinnamon – Harvesting Cassia in the Jungles of Sumatra, Who grows the cocoa in your chocolate bar?, and How does garlic grow?

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