Get smart curated videos delivered to your inbox.   SUBSCRIBE
The Kid Should See This

These stunning sea slugs steal ‘weapons’ from their ingested hydroid prey

Watch more with these video collections:

Bright blues, vibrant yellows, blazing oranges, striking reds, rich purples, electric greens, hot pinks, and some milky pastels, all in pops, spots, stripes, and bold color fields. These colors belong to around 3,000 species of nudibranchs, ‘designer’ sea slugs that can be found all over the globe.

Though some nudibranchs camouflage, these soft-bodied creatures stand out with high contrast markings and colors that warn predators of their defense mechanisms.

Some ward off predators thanks to “toxic or bad-tasting chemicals from their prey” but others use unfired nematocysts, microscopic harpoon-like stinging cells collected from the tentacles of their ingested hydroid prey. From KQED Science:

The nudibranch’s gut has fingerlike branches that extend up into the long cerata on its back. The unfired stingers travel up into the cerata and concentrate in little sacs at the tips, where they continue to develop.

If a fish or crab tries to bite the nudibranch, it squeezes those sacs and shoots out the stingers, which immediately pop in the predator’s mouth. It doesn’t take long for predators to avoid the brightly colored nudibranchs.

Learn more about these stunning sea slugs and how they deftly defend against predators in this Deep Look video from KQED and PBS Digital Studios: This Adorable Sea Slug Is a Sneaky Little Thief.

Check out more nudibranch photos at Fine Art America and

Then watch these videos: This Jorunna sea slug looks like a tiny, fluffy “sea bunny”, Glaucilla marginata: Beautiful blue sea slugs or nudibranches, and brightly colored flatworm filmed in the waters of Sulawesi, Indonesia.

Bonus: The melibe nudibranch grabs at food with a net-like mouth.

This Webby award-winning video collection exists to help teachers, librarians, and families spark kid wonder and curiosity. TKSST features smarter, more meaningful content than what's usually served up by YouTube's algorithms, and amplifies the creators who make that content.

Curated, kid-friendly, independently-published. Support this mission by becoming a sustaining member today.

🌈 Watch these videos next...

The Mudskipper, an amazing amphibious fish

Rion Nakaya

Giant amber snail catches an earthworm

Rion Nakaya

Secrets of the iridescent & sometimes “invisible” Sea Sapphire

Rion Nakaya

Saturation: Colorful Marine Creatures from Indonesia & The Philippines

Rion Nakaya

Banana Slugs and Secret of the Slime – Deep Look

Rion Nakaya

The Sarcastic Fringehead

Rion Nakaya

Brightly colored flatworm filmed in the waters of Sulawesi, Indonesia

Rion Nakaya

The Houston Zoo‘s Babirusa

Rion Nakaya

Swimming Feather Starfish

Rion Nakaya