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Volvox in motion

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These rotating spheres are called volvox, the genus of around 20 species of green algae that can be found in nutrient-rich freshwater environments. They were first recorded by Dutch microscopist Antonie van Leeuwenhoek in 1700.

The video above, filmed by Japan-based microbiology enthusiast Shigeru Gougi, shares one minute of their active world.

“Volvox form spherical or oval hollow colonies that contain some 500 to 60,000 cells embedded in a gelatinous wall,” explains Britannica. Microbe Hunter explains how you might find them:

Microscopists who are interested in observing Volvox should try to investigate water samples from ponds and puddles. It is also possible to grow Volvox at home. Volvox likes to grow in nutrient-rich water. Dilute some plant fertilizer in water and add some pond water containing Volvox (or other green algae that you want to grow). Place the container on the window sill for several days but prevent direct sunlight as this may cause overheating, and drives out the CO2 for photosynthesis from the water. Alternatively, you can also use a plankton net to catch the colonies.

Find more microscopy photos by Gougi on Flickr, including these:

no title (volvox)

no title(Volvox sp.)

Watch more microscopy videos next:
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• A cell caught in the vortex created by a feeding rotifer
• Wim van Egmond’s award-winning microscopic videos

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