Topic: archaeology

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Seven Million Years of Human Evolution

Scientists use fossils to reconstruct the evolutionary history of hominins—the group that includes modern humans, our immediate ancestors, and other extinct relatives. Today, our closest living relatives are chimpanze...

Moving and restoring an ancient Greek mosaic

The Mosaic of the Epiphany of Dionysus, a large stone mosaic illustrating the Greek god in a chariot pulled by panthers, dates back to the late-2nd and early 3rd century CE. It was unearthed from an ancient banquet ha...

The spectacular stone monuments of Petra, Jordan

"This is Petra, where the sheer improbability of its location is the secret of its spectacular flourishing. The reason why this tomb endured and survived armies and earthquakes is that the Nabataeans who built it cut ...

The untold history of ironworking in central & west Africa

In the lush forests of modern-day Central African Republic, sometime between 1800 and 1500 BC, craftsmen are believed to have discovered iron. New evidence indicates that ironworking began in the heart of Africa. ...

The 90-year-old armchair archaeologist

Space archaeologist Sarah Parcak is a modern-day Indiana Jones. She analyzes satellite imagery in order to find ancient sites hidden from view. With GlobalXplorer, an online platform using the power of the crowd to fi...

Lives Bound Together: Slavery at George Washington’s Mount Vernon

Explore the personal stories of the people who were enslaved at Mount Vernon, George Washington's 19th century home on the Potomac River in Virginia. An introduction to the Lives Bound Together: Slavery at George Wash...

The discovery of King Tut and what we’ve learned from his tomb

Ever wonder how Egyptian royalty lived 3,000 years ago? In 1922, British archaeologist Howard Carter’s discovery of an intact tomb revealed a wealth of artifacts and information that turned King Tut into a household n...

The Archaeology of Crossrail and the history of London

The construction of London’s newest railway, which will be known as the Elizabeth line when services begin in 2018, has given archaeologists a unique chance to explore some of the city’s most historically important si...

How Scientists and Citizens Are Protecting Ancient Ruins in Peru

How can a historic archaeological site become a protected part of the crowded city that threatens to take it over for development? Pachacamac Site and Sanctuary Museum director Denise Pozzi-Escot has worked to solve t...

A Real-Life Bone Collector: Recovering an Extinct Human Ancestor

Follow biological anthropologist and 'bone collector' Dr. Marina Elliott deep into the ancient underground crevasses that would reveal around 1,500 bone fragments belonging to Homo naledi, a new species in human linea...

What causes cavities?

When a team of archeologists recently came across some 15,000-year-old human remains, they made an interesting discovery: the teeth of those ancient humans were riddled with holes. So what causes cavities, and how can...

40,000 years of London history created with papercraft

Peel back the pavement of a grand old city like London and you can find just about anything, from a first-century Roman fresco to a pair of medieval ice skates—even an elephant’s tooth. As one of Europe’s oldest capit...

Animated Life: Mary Leakey & the Laetoli footprints

Forty years ago in Laetoli, Tanzania, an elephant dung fight between a couple of paleoanthropologists led to a discovery: a fossilized animal print, at least 3.6 million years old. But the site had an even bigger surp...

Paleoartist John Gurche reconstructs the face of Homo naledi

Paleoartist John Gurche is known for his award-winning reconstructions of our ancient human ancestors. His process of mixing forensic accuracy with emotional realism has been featured in documentaries by National Geog...

Deep in the caves with Homo Naledi & the Rising Star Expedition

More than 1,500 individual bones and teeth of at least 15 skeletons of Homo naledi were excavated by an all-woman "underground astronaut" team during the 2013/14 Rising Star Expedition. Homo naledi is a new species in...

Flying a drone over Sudan’s 3,000 year old Nubian Pyramids

Present-day Sudan has more pyramids than Egypt does, smaller structures known as Nubian pyramids that were built by the rulers of the ancient Kushite kingdoms. The first site of these royal tombs was in El-Kurru in no...

The Great Pyramid of Giza was bright white & highly polished

Egypt's Great Pyramid of Giza used to look very different from the way it does now. When it was first completed around 2560–2540 BC, the pyramid's original external walls of Tura limestone casing stones were sanded sm...

Ancient Ancestors Come to Life at the Smithsonian

"The human story is really nothing short of the story of a little corner of the universe becoming aware of itself." From National Geographic, paleo-artist John Gurche creates realistic huma...

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